History of the Wine region of Alsace and Lorraine, France


The history of wine making in Alsace and Lorraine can be traced back to the Roman period.In the 1870s, the wine and wine trade in the two regions collapsed.It was not until the middle of the 20th century that Alsace’s winemaking began to recover, but Lorraine has yet to regain its 19th century glory.Alsace was alternately ruled by France and Germany for about 2000 years.It was first seized by the Suebi, a Germanic tribe, in the first century AD from a Celtic tribe called the Sequani.The Roman army under Julius Caesar turned the tables and reruled the region for nearly 200 years.In the 4th century, another Germanic tribe, the Alemanni, recaptured Alsace;In 496, the Franks, the ancestors of what is now France, drove out the Alemannes and Alsace was restored.Growing vines, winemaking and other activities kept Alsace’s farmers busy in the 15th century.As a result of the enthusiasm for wine, Alsace residents, although suffering from war, still do not give up vine planting and farming.In 780, church historian AdamtheMonk recorded winemaking as the most profitable economic activity in the area.The Treaty of Verdun, signed in 843, gave Charlemagne the right to divide his continental-spanning empire among his three grandchildren.He gave Germany to Louis the German, along with Alsace, so that “wine could be produced in the new Kingdom”.By the end of the 9th century, Alsace’s vineyards were substantial, and there were at least 119 wine-making towns.Over the next 500 years, the number of wine villages grew to more than 400, and as many as 300 monasteries had winemaking activities.In his book Reasons for the Renaissance ofAlsace Wines, Johnnv Hugel, the region’s most famous winemaker, wrote that in 1481 the region’s wine exports, calculated in modern terms,About 80 million bottles, twice as many as today.The first wine-making grape in Alsace is believed to have been the Pinot Noir grape, probably introduced by the Romans to make red wine.In the 12th century, local farmers in Alsace began to make a transition from red wine to white wine.Grape varieties such as Riesling, Traminer and Miesca were introduced to the region before the 15th century.The pinot blanc grapes that followed were certainly from the Burgundy region.The Docae-Pinot grigio grape is also believed to have come from Burgundy, but Alsace residents believe it was brought back as a trophy by an Alsace general on an expedition to Hungary.Regardless of the origin of the Pinot grigio, Alsace farmers as far back as the 16th century were familiar with the characteristics and potential of different grapes, as well as the tricks of growing and harvesting them.At that time, the wine trade in the region was regulated by the Wine Farmers’ Union of Riquewihr, which decreed that grapes should not be harvested until they were as ripe as possible.Thank you for your attention to cutting-edge wines. I hope you can gain enlightenment from reading our article.– — the END — — –

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